Do You Have Diabetes? You Need a Special Eye Exam

Diabetes is a condition that affects how well your cells absorb sugar from your bloodstream, which can cause you to have very high levels of blood sugar. The effects of high blood sugar can affect a wide variety of tissues and organs throughout your body, including your eyes. While eye doctors can detect a number of vision problems with a routine eye exam, they need to perform a special eye exam to spot the signs of eye problems associated with diabetes.

Diabetes can increase your risk for certain eye conditions, such as glaucoma and cataracts. Your eye doctor can typically find these conditions with a comprehensive eye exam. Diabetes can also affect your retina, which is the light sensitive tissue lining the inside of your eye. One of the most common retinal diseases associated with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy, a condition in which high blood sugar levels cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the retina.

Detecting diabetic retinopathy requires special testing. One such test is a dilated eye exam. In this test, the eye doctor puts drops of liquid into your eyes that widen, or dilate, your pupils. Dilating the pupils allows the eye doctor to see inside eyes more easily, and to detect signs of diabetic retinopathy. While your eyes are dilated, your eye doctor may perform two tests:

Optical coherence tomography (OCT)

OCT creates very detailed images of your eyes. These images allow your eye doctor to measure the thickness of your retina, and determine where fluid may be leaking from damaged blood vessels.

Fluorescein angiography

While your pupils are still dilated, your eye doctor injects a special dye into your arm. The dye helps your eye doctor identify any blockages in your blood vessels and determine which blood vessels are leaking blood.

For more information on special eye exams for people with diabetes, contact your eye doctor at Advanced Optometric Services.


What Causes Dry Eye? 5 Common Reasons (And What to Do About Them)

It’s hard to focus at work or relax at home when you’re dealing with signs and symptoms of dry eye. These signs and symptoms—including eye itchiness, burning, grittiness, watery discharge, blurry vision, and light sensitivity—can occur for many reasons. Understanding your main cause is key for finding relief.Keep reading to learn about five common causes of dry eyes and how our optometrist in Modesto, CA can help.

5 Common Causes of Dry Eye

Dry eyes occur when a person lacks sufficient quality and/or quantity of tears to maintain an adequate tear film, a protective and moisturizing barrier. This can occur due to:

  1. Advancing age—up to 30 percent of older people experience dry eyes because of age-related changes in tear production as well as the presence of other risk factors
  2. Hormonal changes, such as those experienced by women undergoing pregnancy or menopause
  3. Side effects of certain medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, oral contraceptives, and antidepressants
  4. Autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and Sjögren’s Syndrome, as well as other conditions like diabetes and Meibomian gland dysfunction, a condition that causes tears to evaporate too quickly due to lack of oil secreted into the tears
  5. Environmental factors, including allergens (e.g., pollen, pet dander), irritants (e.g., smoke, cosmetics, perfumes), cold weather, long-term use of contact lenses, and excessive use of a computer or smartphone (did you know you tend to blink less when staring at a screen?)

Modesto optometrist Dr. Brandie Medina uses advanced diagnostic techniques to identify the causes of your dry eyes. She’ll then work with you to create an effective treatment plan, which may include medicated eye drops, updated prescription eyewear, patient education, and peri-operative support if surgery is indicated.

Frustrated by Dry Eye Symptoms?

Schedule an eye exam at Advanced Optometric Services in Modesto, CA today by calling (209) 521-7771.–30% of the general elderly population, and affects women more commonly than men

Something in Your Eye? Stay Safe with These Tips

Having a foreign body in the eye may not seem like an emergency, but in some situations, acting quickly can mean the difference in experiencing a major injury or vision damage. If you have something stuck in your eye, whether it is a piece of natural debris or something more serious, it is important to get to the eye doctor right away. Here are a few tips to remember.

Avoid rubbing or pressing on your eye in spite of discomfort.

Any time you get something in your eye, you will feel some level of discomfort. Your eye may burn, itch, or even hurt. While rubbing your eye to relieve the uncomfortable sensation will be your first inclination, try your best not to touch or rub your eyes. Likewise, avoid pressing on the eye to relieve what you feel. Rubbing or pressing against your eyelid can push whatever debris is in your eye against the cornea and cause injury.

Rinsing the eye may dislodge the debris but do so with care.

Rinsing the eye with clean, purified water when you discover something is there may dislodge what is there. Therefore, trying this before heading to the eye doctor for an emergency visit may help. Just make sure you do so with caution. use lukewarm or room-temperature water only, get someone to help drop the water in the eye a little at a time, and allow the fluids to run out of the eye. You can cause more harm than good by using hot or super-cold water or irritating your eye further by pulling on your eyelids to get drops in.

It is better to keep the eye closed to avoid blinking.

If you have something in your eye and it will not come out, you may want to keep the eye closed until you can get to the eye doctor. Using a soft cloth to gently hold the eye closed can be a good idea. When the eye is closed, you will not be repeatedly blinking, which can cause further damage if the debris is protruding through the cornea.

Reach Out to an Emergency Eye Doctor in Modesto

Your vision is important and your eyes are easier damaged than you may expect. If you can’t get the foreign matter out of your eye, reach out to us at Advanced Optometric Services for help.